Category: Demographic and social statistics
Area: Judiciary
Survey / data collection: Adults with criminal proceedings validly completed

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Demography, Education, Culture, and Judiciary
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:February 19, 2020
2.3. Metadata last update:25.12.2019.

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:The purpose of survey is to collect the data on accused and convicted adult perpetrators of crime, and which are an important instrument for monitoring crime as a negative social phenomenon. The main contents of data obtained: accused person - sex, criminal offense, type of decision: suspended proceedings, released of the charge, indictment rejected, decision on security measure implementation, found guilty; convicted person - criminal offense, main and minor penalties, suspended sentence, judicial admonition, found guilty, and acquitted, corrective measures, alleviation of sentence, security measures, previous convictions, seizure of property benefits, age, sex, educational attainment; data on victims - sex and age.
3.2. Classification system:Classification of crime offenses.
3.3. Sector coverage:Not relevant.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
       definitions:
Accused person is an adult against whom an indictment, legal charges or a private suit has been brought at a court, and against whom legal proceedings have been conducted and a court decision made according to which private suit has been rejected, proceedings suspended or indictment rejected, acquittal brought, security measures brought without execution of a sentence or a perpetrator is pronounced guilty. Convicted person is an adult being pronounced guilty and against whom following criminal sanctions have been imposed: punishment, conditional discharge, reprimand, security measures, guilty verdict but released from sentence.
3.5. Statistical unit:Basic and High Courts.
3.6. Statistical population:Adult perpetrators of crime.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro.
3.8. Time coverage:A comparable time series has been available since 1974.
3.9. Base period:Not relevant.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Number of accused and convicted adult perpetrators of crime.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
Calendar year.

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
       agreements:
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office clear and wide legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
        treatment:
Data are published as aggregate without an identifier. The rules for accessing micro data are defined by Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System of Montenegro, articles 58 and 59.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=12&pageid=12
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Annual, final data.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:The release is published annually and is available on the following web site: http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=516&pageid=83
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes data for perpretrators crime in the following regular publications: Statistical Yearbook, Montenegro in Numbers, Women and Men in Montenegro All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link: http://monstat.org/eng/publikacije.php
10.3. Online database:Not available.
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
          domain:
Not available.
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12) defines the commitment to quality which ensures that official statistical producers in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with the international principles of statistical system quality. Development Strategy and Programme of Official Statistics for 2014-2018 define the objectives of development. One of objectives is quality management via monitoring the implementation of European Statistical Code of Practice. Pursuant to the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Contract on EU Functioning, Regulation 759/2015 and Regulation 223/2009 as well as European Statistical Code of Practice, the following documents are in adoption procedure: 1. Quality Strategy of Statistical Office, 2. Guide for Implementation of Quality Strategy in Statistical Office. 3. Implementation Plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, - Local government, and other local government bodies. - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, - Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. Data collection was carried out through a web survey, in the period from 1 September to 20 October, 2017. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link: http://www.monstat.org/userfiles/file/KVALITET/Izvjestaj%20o%20zadovoljstvu%20korisnika%20eng.pdf
12.3. Completeness:

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:The data on perpetrators of criminal offences are collected by regular annual statistical surveys, on the basis of individual statistical questionnaires filled by competent courts (basic and high). Statistical surveys encompass all adult perpetrators of c
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The data are published in accordance with the Annual Plan of Official Statistics and the Calendar of publishing statistical data of Statistical Office. The data are published on the date determined by the Calendar of publishing statistical data in the form of a regular annual release.
14.2. Punctuality:The data is published on the day that is defined by Annual Plan of Statistical Surveys and Statistical Data Release Calendar. Indicator TP3 is 0, i.e. there is no difference between planned and actual announcement.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
          geographical:
Comparability of data with all countries using the same methodology is provided.
15.2. Comparability over time:A comparable time series has been available since 1974.

15.3. Coherence - cross
          domain:
Not relevant.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not relevant.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website: http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=1411&pageid=1411
17.2. Data revision - practice:The annual plan of official statistics foresees the final publication of data. There were not data revision.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:Basic and High Courts.
18.2. Frequency of data
          collection:
Monthly (annual service).
18.3. Data collection:The data on perpetrators of criminal offences are collected by regular annual statistical surveys, on the basis of individual statistical questionnaires
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.

 

                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top
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