Category: Other producers of official statistics
Area: ONAs
Survey / data collection: Statistical Survey on Scientific and Research Activities -Research and development

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Ministry of Science
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department for Statistics and digitalisation
1.2. Contact organization unit: Rimski trg 46, 81000 Podgorica

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:23/09/2020
2.2. Metadata last posted:14 December 2022
2.3. Metadata last update:29/06/2020

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:R&D statistics provide internationally comparable data on total domestic expenditure which refers to R&D and research and development personnel. The methodology by which the research is conducted is in accordance with EU regulation 995/2012.
3.2. Classification system:Classification of research types - Law on SRD, 2014 and Frascati 2002-2007-2015 Classification of research areas - Law on SRD, 2014; Fields of research and development - Frascati 2007, 2015 Classification of expenditure types - Frascati 2002 Classification of occupations - ISCO-88 Classification of education level - ISCED-2011 Classification of commercial activitiesi - KD 2010, NACE-Rev2 Clasiffication of performance sector - Frascati 2002, 2015 Classification of social and economic objectives SEO, Frascati 2002
3.3. Sector coverage:Sectors that are involved in survey of R&D are: Business and entrepreneurial sector, Higher education sector, Government sector, Private non-profit sector.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
Research and development statistics monitors the following input variables: - Number of employees in research and development area ? absolute (head count - HC) - Number of researchers ? absolute (head count - HC) - Number of employees in research and development area - full-time equivalent - FTE - Number of researchers ? full-time equivalenti (FTE) - Internal consumption for research and development For the mentioned variables there is necessary to produce the data by defined cross sections, where the mentioned classifications are used. Aligned with the EU regulation, the data for odd years are produced with full cross sections, while only basic cross sections are produced for equal years. Output variable: Total domestic consumption on research and development as % of GDP (GERD)
3.5. Statistical unit:Statistical unit is a unit in which at least one researcher during the reporting unit worked on tasks of research and development, both as its employee or external associate. Statistical unit is an organizational unit of university: faculty, institute, center; enterprise or enterprise sector; office, agency, hospital; NG
3.6. Statistical population:Statistical population is made of all statistical units that were recognized as performers or potential performers of R&D activity (census principle). Statistical population covers: a. All institutions from the register of licensed scientific and research institutions of Ministry of Science. b. Additional units from the register of higher-education institutions kept by the Ministry of Education (in addition to those licensed at the Ministry of Science), thus the survey covers all high education institutions. c. Government sector units that had expenditures on survey and development in last year, what is recorded by the Ministry of Finance (except those licensed at the Ministry of Science). Examples of those statistical units are: Academy of Science, agencies and office of the Government, clinics, museums, and other government bodies or local government bodies that are users of government or local budget. d. Additional units from the business sector that had expenditures on survey and development in last year, what is recorded by several bodies of public administration (Ministry of Economy, Chamber of Economy, Tax Administration ? apart from the units listed in the registers of the Ministry of Science). e. Units from any sector which used programmes of support to research and development of the Ministry of Science, participated in the EU programmes for research and development or for which it is known in another manner that they are engaged in this activity. f. Units that participated in statistical survey for previous year.
3.7. Reference area:Country - NUTS classification, according to which Montenegro is a single region.
3.8. Time coverage:2011. - 2018. Before 2011, there is a termination of series due to the change in methodology. The data were not produced for 2012.
3.9. Base period:2011

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Number of persons Number of people-year (full time employment equivalent ) EUR

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
Fiscal year, harmonized with the EES

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
Law on Statistics and Statistical System, Annual Plan of Official Statistics for 2018, Commission implementing regulation EU No 995/2012.
6.2. Data sharing:The Ministry of Science is the official producer of R&D statistics, on the basis of Yerly Plans of Official Statistics, as well as 5-year Programme of Official Statistics 2019-2023. The data are exchanged with Eurostat, UNESCO, and OECD based on the international agreements.

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:- Law on Statistics and Statistical System , Article 54 - Regulation EU 223/2009 - Ethical Code of Civil Servants and State Employees
7.2. Confidentiality - data
The Law on Official Statistics and the System of Official Statistics ( Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 047/19) regulates the rules under which external users can get individual data for research purposes. Article 58 defines the types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such information. The provision of individual data without an identifier is possible only at the written request of research institutions, for the purpose of conducting scientific research activities, as well as international statistical organizations and producers of statistics from other countries. The research entity signs the Agreement with Official statistics producer. Producers of official statistics shall keep separate records of users and of the purpose for which the statistics were put to use.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The calendar is published on the website of the Statistics Office.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:The data users are familiar with the data only when they are published. The data are published in the form release and tables. The Rulebook on the content and way of keeping records on users of individual statistical data prescribes the content and way of keeping records on users of individual statistical data.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Preliminary and final data are published once a year. Preliminary data are published at the end of october of current year for previous year (G+10) . Final data are published after 18 months of the end of the fiscal year (G+18). The data are submitted to Eurostat at the same dynamic. Because of limited capacity, preliminary data were not sent until 2018, but only the final data. It is planned to start sending the preliminary data from 2019.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:
10.2. Publications:Not available.
10.3. Online database:Not available.
10.4. Micro-data access:Individual data are not published, as clearly indicated in the Law on Official Statistics, Chapter XIII - Confidentiality and data protection for official statistics purposes.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
A summary of the methodology is contained in the report The questionnaire is provided with a detailed Instruction that contains an explanation of the concepts and definitions.
10.7. Quality documentation:Statistical office of Montenegro provides training to prepare quality reports. The link to which the quality reports can be found is:

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Production of detailed guidelines and their development each year. Intensive support and good cooperation with statistical units. Introduction of on-the-field surveyors in the process of data collection (for the first time in the survey for 2017), their training and intensive collaboration with them during the data collection.
11.2. Quality assesment:Satisfying (self-assessment)

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:The main users of the data are: Government of Montenegro , Ministry of Science , Ministry of Economy , Research Comunity, international organisations: EU, UNESCO, OECD. The data is used for international competitiveness indicators (for example SEE Competitiveness Report 2018, OECD).
12.2. User satisfaction:User satisfaction survey with the total statistical process was not carried out.
12.3. Completeness:All requested data are produced.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Error of interviewed in the interpretation of research and development definitions, i.e. possibility to include activities that are not R&D or personnel that do not belong to appropriate categories. Efforts have been made to adequately train interviewers to work effectively in the field Error of processing person ? statistician, due to the lack of system for monitoring data processing process. The data production phase can be also be subject of statistician error. Appropriate understanding of the definitions and monitoring of data editing are the most critical parts of the system.
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant because the survey uses the method of census.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant because the survey uses the method of census.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:Not aplicable.
14.2. Punctuality:TP2 = 18 months

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
The data are comparable on international level and agrred with regulation EU 995/2012.
15.2. Comparability over time:The data are fully comparable.

15.3. Coherence - cross
Not relevant.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not aplicable.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:The Ministry of Science is conducting a regular review after the release of the data. Revision Policy of the Statistics Office is available on the website
17.2. Data revision - practice:The data revision is done if there is an error observed, from the phase in which the preliminary data is published to the phase in which the final data are published. Additional quality controls of obtained data and their processing are done.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:1. Number of research and development staff, with breakdowns; 2. Annual consumption on R&D, with breakdowns
18.2. Frequency of data
18.3. Data collection:Excel survey conducted by surveyors on the spot. The questionnaire, together with the instructions, is sent by e-mail to all units from the address book.
18.6. Adjustment:Not aplicable.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top