Category: Demographic and social statistics
Area: Education
Survey / data collection: Doctors of science

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department for Education, Culture and Justice
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:14 December 2022
2.3. Metadata last update:29.09.2020.

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:Data collection and analysis for PhDs in order to monitor the condition and structure of higher education in Montenegro. The main features that are monitored are: name and type of higher education institution; PhDs by gender; year of birth; place of birth; place of residence; citizenship; educational areas of dissertation.
3.2. Classification system:National Classification of Education (harmonized with the International Standard Classification of Education - ISCED 2011).
3.3. Sector coverage:Education sector.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
Higher education is provided by universities and higher education institutions that are licensed and accredited in accordance with the Law on Higher Education. Higher education is acquired in Montenegro at universities and other institutions, which can be established as public and private. The University realizes its activity through: faculties, art academies, institutes and colleges, as organizational units. The University is an autonomous institution that, in carrying out its activities, unifies educational, scientific and research and artistic work as parts of a unique higher education process. The Faculty is a scientific-teaching higher education institution that develops scientific-research work as the basis of teaching activity. Faculty of Arts and Academy is a teaching and art institution of higher education that develops artistic creativity, scientific research work and performs teaching in appropriate fields. Judicial program is the basic unit for classification of higher education with defined structure and number of ECTS credits which provide the individual with the learning outcomes necessary for gaining knowledge, skills and competences for the field of work from the level of higher education defined in the national framework of qualifications and issuing a diploma. Doctoral study programs can be accredited as academic. Doctoral studies are considered as any study program which entitles them to acquire the diploma of the academic title of Doctor of Science, in accordance with the Law. The higher education institution organizes and conducts doctoral studies in the scientific fields for which it is accredited. Doctoral studies last three years (six semesters), the scope of study programs of these studies is 180 ECTS credits. Doctoral studies for acquiring the academic title of Doctor of Science are organized after completing postgraduate studies for obtaining the academic title of Master of Science degree of 300 ECTS credits. At doctoral studies for acquiring the diploma of the academic title of Doctor of Science, education from scientific fields of study is acquired by participating in organized scientific research work and independent realization of scientific research. A diploma is a public document proving that the acquired qualification is the result of a successfully completed higher education program. The diploma of the academic title of the doctor of science is obtained after the completion of a three-year study program, and after obtaining the diploma of the academic title of the Master of Science and defense of the doctoral dissertation.
3.5. Statistical unit:Reporting units are all higher education institutions established or conducting classes in Montenegro, regardless of their status, which are established in accordance with the Law on Higher Education. (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 044/14 of 21.10.2014, 052/14 of 16.12.2014, 047/15 of 18.08.2015, 040/16 of 30.06.2016, 042/17 of 30.06.2017, 071/17 of 31.10.2017, 055/18 of 01.08.2018, 003/19 of 15.01.2019, 017/19 of 19.03.2019).
3.6. Statistical population:All students at high school institutions that have completed their doctoral studies
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro
3.8. Time coverage:The survey results are regularly published in the Statistical Yearbook of Montenegro from 2002.
3.9. Base period:Not relevant.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Number of students who completed their doctoral studies or obtained a doctorate degree.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
The data refer to the calendar year.

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistics System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines provisions for the collection, processing and dissemination of data. The Law provides the Statistical Office with a legal authority to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of the Program and the Annual Plan. The law gives priority to the use of administrative data, as well as the right to access individual data as a result of research by other producers of official statistics. In addition to the legal provisions, the Statistical Office signed a Memorandum of Cooperation with the University of Montenegro as the owner of administrative data.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Individual information is an official secret. The data is expressed in a aggregated form. Access to confidential data of official statistics is limited to persons who perform tasks with the official statistics producer and to the extent that these data are necessary for the production of official statistics. Data is published as aggregated without an identifier. The rule of access to micro data is defined in Articles 58 and 59 of the Law on Official Statistics and System of Official Statistics.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Annual - final data.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:The release is published annually and is available at
10.2. Publications:The Statistical Office publishes data on doctors in Montenegro in the following publications: Statistical Yearbook, Women and Men in Montenegro. All publications published by the Statistical Office are available on the following link:
10.3. Online database:Not available.
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistics System ( Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 18/12 and 47/19) regulate the rules under which external users can gain access to individual data for research purposes. Article 58 defines the types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. The giving of individual data without identifiers is possible only at the written request of scientific and research institutions, for the purpose of carrying out scientific and research activities, as well as international statistical organizations and producers of statistics from other countries. The research entity signs the Agreement with the Statistical Office, as well as the Statement of Compliance with the principle of confidentiality. The producers of official statistics keep a separate record of users and the purpose for which statistics are given for use.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
The methodological guide for higher education is available on the MONSTAT website:
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:The quality was monitored through all stages of production of data, from the responsible statistician, in accordance with the specifics of the concrete research. Data collection and processing is the subject of this control. Within the framework of the organization of statistical survey, certain quality aspects are a part of the preparedness of the staff involved and the production of statistics.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, -Local government, and -Other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, -Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:In the coming period it is necessary to improve the methodology and existing questionnaires used in the field of higher education through the application of the methodology and regulations prescribed by EUROSTAT, UNESCO and OECD, in order to ensure full international comparability. If it is possible to transfer to administrative sources of data.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:The survey is conducted on the full coverage of reporting units. Reporting units are higher education institutions in Montenegro that have the data necessary for this survey. This way provides a high degree of accuracy.
13.2. Sampling error:There are no sample errors because surveys in the field of higher education are conducted on a full-scale basis.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant. Since the surveys in the field of higher education are based on the full coverage, coverage errors are not discovered.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The data are published in accordance with the Annual Plan of Statistical Surveys and the Statistical Release Calendar. The data shall be published on the date specified in the Statistical Release Calendar in the form of a regular annual release. Statistical Release Calendar is available on the link:
14.2. Punctuality:No deviation between the date announced in the Statistical Release Calendar and the actual date of publication.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Data on doctors in Montenegro are comparable to all countries using the International Standard Classification of Education - ISCED 2011.
15.2. Comparability over time:Data on doctors of science in Montenegro are available from the calendar in 2002. Data are time-comparable. There have been no interruptions in batches since the start of data collection for this statistical survey.

15.3. Coherence - cross
Not relevant.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not relevant.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website
17.2. Data revision - practice:There was no data audit. Not applicable.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:All higher education institutions in the territory of Montenegro that have license and accreditation for their classes, regardless of their status.
18.2. Frequency of data
The data are collected at the annual level.
18.3. Data collection:The data is collected in a combination. From a number of reporting units, data is collected through a statistical questionnaire by a reporting method and partly by administrative means.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top