Category: Economic statistics
Area: Transport, storage and communications
Survey / data collection: Annual survey on transport

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Business Statistics
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 October 2021
2.3. Metadata last update:20/09/2020

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:The aim of annual surveys in the field of transport statistics is collecting, processing, and disseminating data on passengers, goods, and infrastructure by type of traffic as well as data of the postal and telecommunications services and infrastructure in the postal and telecommunications traffic. Furthermore the aim is collecting processing and disseminating data on traffic accidents, injured and killed persons in accidents and data on registered road motor vehicles and trailers.
3.2. Classification system:NACE Rev.2 NST 2007 classification of goods
3.3. Sector coverage:Section H (KD 2010), divisions 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 and Section J divisions 61.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
       definitions:
Transport is the movement of passengers and goods and from place of loading to place of unloading. Passenger is every person with ticket or appropriate document with the aim to travel to desired place. Passenger kilometre presents the transport of one person over the distance of 1 km. Goods transported are goods transferred based on the contract on transport. The quantity of goods transported is expressed in gross weight, meaning that the quantity of goods covers also the quantity of packaging or packing material (containers). Tonne-kilometres indicate transport of one-tone goods over the distance of 1 km. Trans-sipped tons of cargo related to the total amount of cargo that passes through the transhipment business entity, where the same load, regardless of the number of manipulations that it has executed, shown only once. Manipulated tons are a unit of performance that expresses the sum of operations registered by kind that are made (unloading, loading, reloading the direct transfer). Postal service is a service of receiving, processing, transfer and delivering letter mails in accordance with accepted standards. Letter is a type of communication in written form on paper or other appropriate data carrier, which must be sent and delivered to the address indicated by the sender on the item or letter cover. The package is a postal consignment containing goods and items. Other printed papers are printed publications issued by the publisher of a daily, occasionally or in a given period (newspapers and magazines). Telecommunication services cover transfer of voice, data, text, and sound, and video material by the transmission equipment based on single technology or combination of several technologies. Fixed telecommunication is services providing to users the access to public fixed network at the fixed location, and the use of public accessible telephone service at the fixed location. Mobile telecommunication is services providing to users the access to public mobile network, and the use of mobile telecommunication services. Traffic accident is an event that occurred on the road or the start on the road, which was attended by at least one vehicle in motion and in which one or more persons injured or killed or died within 30 days of the result of the traffic accident or result damage to property. Registered road motor vehicle and trailer are all vehicles registered in the Ministry of Interiors, except military vehicles. For the first time registered vehicles include: new and imported vehicles, i.e.vehicles with the first-time registration in Montenegro. Road transport is any movements of goods and/or passengers using a road vehicle on a given road network. National road transport is transport between two places (a place of loading and a place of unloading) located in the same country in which the vehicle is registered. International road transport is transport between two places (a place of loading and a place of unloading) in two different countries. It may involve transit through one or more additional country or countries. Cabotage transport is national road transport performed by a motor vehicle registered in another country. Cross-trade road transport is international road transport performed by a road motor vehicle registered in a third country. Transport for hire or reward is the carriage for remuneration, of persons or goods, on behalf of third parties. Transport on own account is transport which is not for hire or reward. Goods road motor vehicle is any single road motor vehicle designed to carry goods (lorry), or any coupled combination of road vehicles designed to carry goods, (i.e. lorry with trailer(s), or road tractor with semitrailer and with or without trailer). Road tractor is road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to haul other road vehicles which are not power-driven.
3.5. Statistical unit:Data source: (i) for rail transport are reporting units with the carriage of passengers and goods by rail prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (ii) road passenger traffic reporting units with the carriage of passengers in road traffic prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (iii) road freight transport vehicles for transportation of goods payload of 3500 kg and higher, as well as tractors. Sources of data are legal and natural persons who are owners or users of vehiclesthere are in the sample. Frame for sample selection is a database of registered vehicles that are obtained from Ministry Interior of Montenegro; (iv) local road traffic reporting units with the carriage of passengers in local road (urban) traffic prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (v) traffic at airports reporting units that perform service activities in air traffic (Section H, field 52); (vi) air traffic reporting units which operate in air traffic (Section H, field 51); (vii) maritime traffic reporting units with the carriage of goods and passengers in maritime transport prevailing activity (Section H, field 50); (viii) report on the arrival and departure of ships reporting units are the Port Authority and Maritime safety department of Montenegro (ix) reloading the reporting unit which is engaged manipulating freight (shipping in ships and unloading from them) core business (Section H, field 52); (x) postal and telecommunications traffic reporting unit is Agency for electronic communications and postal service (xi) Source data for the number of road traffic accidents is Montenegro police directorate and the number of registered road motor vehicles and trailers Ministry of Interior of Montenegro.
3.6. Statistical population:Units for all surveys of transport, except survey of freight road transport, are enterprises.For freight road transport units are in addition to enterprises and natural persons who are owners / users road vehicle payload 3 500 kg or larger and unit.
3.7. Reference area:Units for all surveys of transport, except survey of freight road transport, are enterprises. For freight road transport units are in addition to enterprises and natural persons who are owners / users road vehicle payload 3 500 kg or larger and unit.
3.8. Time coverage:The data in electronic form, available since 2010
3.9. Base period:Previous year

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Passengers carried, passenger kilometers, goods in tonnes and tonne miles, the number of registered road motor vehicles and trailers, the number of first time registered road motor vehicles and trailers, the number of registered road motor vehicles and trailers according to year, the number of traffic accidents and number of persons killed and persons injured in road traffic accidents, reloaded tons, manipulated tones, inventori state of transshipment. Postal network and means of transport. Postal services: letters, packages, printed matter; Statistics of subscribers in telecommunications network. Telecommunication services: minutes spent in fixed telephony, spent minutes of mobile telephony. Length of railway lines, railway stations and other official places, the length of the road network, inventory and state transportation means in road passenger transport and road local passengers transport, maritime and air transport. Airport surfaces and means to work at airports.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
Annualy

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
       agreements:
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
        treatment:
Individual data are protected from misuse under the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System of Montenegro ( Official Gazette of Montenegro , No. 18/12, 47/19 from 30. 03. 2012)

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=12&pageid=12
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Annualy

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:Annual data available in: -Statistical Yearbook; - Annual Statistics of Transport, Storage and Connections - regular publication.
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link: http://monstat.org/eng/publikacije.php
10.3. Online database:http://monstat.org/eng/pxweb.php
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:The data are transmitted to Eurostat in the planned dynamics.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
          domain:
The methodology is available on the website in the field of transport.
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) defines the commitment to quality which ensures that official statistical producers in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with the international principles of statistical system quality. Development Strategy and Programme of Official Statistics for 2014-2018 define the objectives of development. One of objectives is quality management via monitoring the implementation of European Statistical Code of Practice. Pursuant to the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Contract on EU Functioning, Regulation 759/2015 and Regulation 223/2009 as well as European Statistical Code of Practice, the following documents are in adoption procedure: 1. Quality Strategy of Statistical Office, 2. Guide for Implementation of Quality Strategy in Statistical Office. 3. Implementation Plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:Definitions of basic variables and the methodology of calculation results are consistent with Eurostat's recommendations.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, -Local government, and -Other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, -Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. Data collection was carried out through a web survey, in the period from 1 September to 20 October, 2017. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link: http://www.monstat.org/userfiles/file/KVALITET/Izvjestaj%20o%20zadovoljstvu%20korisnika%20eng.pdf.
12.3. Completeness:Units for all surveys of transport, except survey on freight road transport are enterprises with 5 or more employees who are in the Statistical Business Register according to the activity classification in Section H (KD 2010), divisions 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 and Section J divisions 61. Survey transport of goods by road conducted on a sample, frame for sample selection is a database of registered vehicles that are obtained from Ministry

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:n/a
13.2. Sampling error:n/a
13.3. Non-sampling error:n/a

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:Data are published according to the Statistical Data Release Calendar (5 months after the end of reference period).
14.2. Punctuality:Deadlines for data during 2019 are published according to the Statistical Release Calendar.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
          geographical:
n/a
15.2. Comparability over time:Data on transport are comparable, time series available since 2010 in electronic format, and located at: www.monstat.org

15.3. Coherence - cross
          domain:
n/a
15.4. Coherence - internal:n/a

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=1411&pageid=1411
17.2. Data revision - practice:Typical revisions are minimal.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:Data source: (i) for rail transport are reporting units with the carriage of passengers and goods by rail prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (ii) road passenger traffic reporting units with the carriage of passengers in road traffic prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (iii) road freight transport vehicles for transportation of goods payload of 3500 kg and higher, as well as tractors. Sources of data are legal and natural persons who are owners or users of vehicles. Data source for road vehicles is the Ministry of Interior of Montenegro; (iv) local road traffic reporting units with the carriage of passengers in local road (urban) traffic prevailing activity (Section H, field 49); (v) traffic at airports reporting units that perform service activities in air traffic (Section H, field 52); (vi) air traffic reporting units which operate in air traffic (Section H, field 51); (vii) maritime traffic reporting units with the carriage of goods and passengers in maritime transport prevailing activity (Section H, field 50); (viii) report on the arrival and departure of ships reporting units are the Port Authority and Maritime safety department of Montengro (ix) reloading the reporting unit which is engaged manipulating freight (shipping in ships and unloading from them) core business (Section H, field 52); (x) postal and telecommunications traffic reporting unit is Agency for electronic communications and postal service (xi) Source data for the number of road traffic accidents is Montenegro police directorate and the number of registered road motor vehicles and trailers Ministry of Interior of Montenegro.
18.2. Frequency of data
          collection:
Annualy
18.3. Data collection:Transport data are collected through regular quarterly and annual surveys, data collection apply to reporting methods, by mail, in addition to study on freight road transport used for polls methods.
18.6. Adjustment:n/a

 

                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top
n/a
.