Category: Economic statistics
Area: Agriculture and fishing
Survey / data collection: Report on entrance of Raw Milk (Cow Milk) and Obtained Milk Products

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Agricultural and Fishing Statistics
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 December 2023
2.3. Metadata last update:29. August 2022

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:Statistical survey - Monthly Report on entering milk and dairy products from raw milk (cow's milk) aims to provide data on cow's milk deliveries to dairies that process milk and are engaged in the production of dairy products.
3.2. Classification system:NACE Rev. 2
3.3. Sector coverage:Livestock
3.4. Statistical concepts and
The milk intended for drinking includes raw milk directly intended for consuming. Whole-fat milk, semi-processed and skimmed milk that does not contain additives. Cream-fat film that naturally forms on the surface of the milk, which if is removal from the milk surface or extract from the milk by centrifugation in the cream separator has a relatively high fat content (usually over 10% of the weight of the product). Fermented milk refers to yoghurts for drinking, prepared by heat treatment-fermenting milk. Butter and other dairy products of yellow fats: includes butter, kajmak and butter oil and other yellow fats expressed in butter equivalent with 82% milk fat content. Cheese fresh or matured, solid or semi-hard products obtained by coagulation of milk, partially skimmed milk, cream, cream paste, alone or in combination with cheese or other suitable coagulation agents, and the partial release of whey resulting from such coagulation.
3.5. Statistical unit:Companies or dairies who buy whole milk or in certain cases and dairy products directly from agricultural holdings or from dairies in order to transform them into dairy products.
3.6. Statistical population:This survey is based on the coverage of all dairies.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro
3.8. Time coverage:Data are available from 2014.
3.9. Base period:The base period for the creation of the index is the same month of the previous year and the previous month of the same year.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Liter (for the quantity of cow milk, as well as for the quantity of milk for drinks), kilogram (dairy products).

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
The reference period for this survey is a month.

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Pursuant to Article 56 of the Law on Official Statistics and the System of Official Statistics, individual data on natural or legal persons are confidential and constitute an official secret. According to Article 57. confidential data, individual data can only be used for statistical purposes and expressed in aggregate form, in accordance with the provisions of this Law. Manufacturers of official statistics may not use the information and information collected within the activity official statistics for the purpose of determining rights and obligations for the reporting unit to which these data and information relate.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
The data dissemination frequency is monthly.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:The publication that contains the data on this survey is a release (The Release on Entrance of raw (cow''s) milk and obtained products in the dairies).
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:Not relevant.
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of survey. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
Methodological instructions for this survey can be found on our website at the following link: The methodology is the same for annual and monthly survey as the same variables are collected, and the difference is that only the cow's milk is covered by the monthly release. The data is based on recommendations that are in accordance with EU standards and recommendations (Council Directive No 96/16 / EC) for the fields of milk and dairy products statistics.
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:One of the criteria for checking quality data is through a comparative analysis of monthly data with the same month of the previous year, as well as with the previous month as well as with the data from administrative source-Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, - Local government, and other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, - Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:International and national requirements are met.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Monthly research on entering raw (cow's) milk and milk products obtained is carried out over the whole population, data are obtained by reporting method and are subject to the usual types of error in the input, processing errors and non-response.
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Non-sampling errors include: error coverage, error measurement, error response and processing error.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The time period between the availability of data and publication is 45 days.
14.2. Punctuality:In accordance with the Annual Plan of Official Statistics and Statistical Release Calendar, it is planned to publish the survey every 15th of the month.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Not relevant.
15.2. Comparability over time:The data are fully comparable.

15.3. Coherence - cross
This survey is compliant with the Regulation.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Internally coherent.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website
17.2. Data revision - practice:Not relevant.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:The data from this survey are the source for the calculation of the quantity of milk purchased (cow) by dairies and for monitoring the volume of milk products produced at the monthly level.
18.2. Frequency of data
The data collection period is monthly.
18.3. Data collection:Data from dairies are collected by reporting (postal) method. The production data is filled out by an authorized person and verified by the responsible person of the company with the seal of the company. After that, the completed survey forms for the dairies are submitted to the Statistical Office.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top