Gender Equality Index

Gender Equality Index measures the gender equality in the EU Member States across six domains: work, money, knowledge, time, power, and health. The index value is presented on a score from 1 to 100, where 1 represents complete inequality, while the value of 100 represents complete equality.

The violence domain is not included in the calculation of the index due to the lack of data in this area. During 2021, Montenegro conducted GBV – Gender-based violence survey according to the EUROSTAT methodology, but only a small set of data was published so far. In the future, the development of this domain will be monitored and the possibility of including it in one of the following indexes will be analyzed.
The methodology for the calculation of Gender Equality Index was developed by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), which also calculates the Gender Equality Index for the EU Member States. In the EU candidate countries and potential candidate, the Index is compiled by national statistical institutes (NSIs) in cooperation with EIGE, which ensures the comparability of index with the EU Member States.

Montenegro is releasing the Gender Equality Index for the second time, according to the agreement with the Ministry of Human and Minority Rights. In cooperation with EIGE under the Instrument of Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) financed by the European Union, the Index is calculated by the Statistical Office of Montenegro – MONSTAT, in line with the defined methodology, and using national and international data sources.

Gender Equality Index in Montenegro for 2023 is 59.3, which shows an increase of 4.3 index value compared to the index from 2019. Gender Equality Index in EU-27 is 68.6. Compared to the EU-27, Montenegro records lower index value by 9.3 index points. The Index of the main domains of gender equality shows the highest gap of gender equality in area of money (lower value of index by 20.7 index points compared to the average of EU-27), while the lowest gap in Montenegro compared to the averaaverage EU-27 is in area of health (lower value of index by 0.8 index points compared to the average EU-27).