Structural statistics

Structural statistics

Structural surveys under the Department for Statistics of Agriculture and Fishery are census of agriculture (it is carried out on the total territory of Montenegro every 10 years, and the last one was carried out in 2010), and three-year surveys on farm structure survey carried out on the sample basis between two censuses (for the first time carried out survey in 2016). 

Legal basis

The legal basis for preparation, organizing, and carrying out of the census of agriculture is the Law on Carrying out Census of Agriculture 2010 (Official Gazette of Montenegro 54/09 and 14/10). The farm structure survey is carried out pursuant to the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12). The survey on farm structure survey is envisaged by the 2016 Official Statistics Annual Plan (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 71/15). 

Instruments for carrying out the farm structure survey are aligned with the Regulation No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and Council of 19 November 2008, on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods, and Handbook on use of definitions for the farm structure survey. Additionally, there were used: Regulation (EU) No 715/2014 of 26 June 2014 amending Annex III to Regulation No 1166/2008; Regulation No 2015/1391 of 13 August 2015 amending Regulation (EC) 1200/2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008. 


Aim of survey

The main aim of structural statistics is to provide accurate, comprehensive and internationally comparable data on farm structure survey. The survey on structure of agricultural holdings collects the data on: land fund, livestock fund, Agricultural production, persons performing agricultural production and other useful activities related to holdings.

The general aim of survey is monitoring the structure of agricultural holdings and providing information on holdings that are comparable with the data of EU member states.

Data sources

The data sources are family agricultural holdings and business entities that perform agricultural activity.


The Census covers family agricultural holdings, legal and natural persons (business entities) that perform agricultural activity. The farm structure survey was carried out in November 2016. The data were collected by the interview method. The sample size is 14 860 agricultural holdings.


More information on published data, methodology, and releases from the 2010 Agricultural Census can be found as it follows.

Data Methodology Releases Quality reports Metadata