Category: Economic statistics
Area: Structural business statistics
Survey / data collection: Annual structural survey on business enterprises

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Business Statistics, Foreign Affiliates Statistics and Structural Business Statistics Department
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 December 2023
2.3. Metadata last update:23/9/2020

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:The purpose of survey of structural business statistics is to describe the economy through monitoring activities of units engaged in economic activity. The purpose of this survey is calculation of the indicators necessary to analyze the structure of activity of the company, the structure of of inputs and outputs in the production process, business success, and competitiveness of economic subjects in a certain level of activity.
3.2. Classification system:CA 2010, which is harmonized with the European Classification of Activities, NACE Rev. 2.;
3.3. Sector coverage:This survey covers all business entities that are active in the reference period. In accordance with SBS regulations, this survey includes all enterprises that are under the Classification of Activities (CA 2010), which is in line with the European NACE Rev 2, registered in the following sectors: Mining and quarrying - division 05-09; Manufacturing - division 10-33; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply - division 35; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities - division 36-39; Construction - division 41-43; Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles - division 45-47; Transportation and storage - division 49-53; Accommodation and food service activities - division 55-56; Information and communication - division 58-63; Real estate activities - division 68; Professional, scientific and technical activities - division 69-75; Administrative and support service activities - division 77-82; Education- division 85; Human health and social work activities- division 86-88; Arts, entertainment and recreation- division 90-93 and Other service activities- division 94-96.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
Data on market economy which are internationally comparable are collected and calculated by the study of 'Structural business statistics'. Turnover includes all invoiced duties and taxes on goods or services in person, excluding value added tax (VAT). Purchases of goods and services include the value of all goods and services purchased during the accounting period for resale or consumption in the production process. Material costs covers the cost of basic and auxiliary materials, cost of other materials and energy costs which are directly included in the product and its basic price. Assets cover the assets of all current assets: Cash and cash equivalents + short-term receivables + inventories. The production value measures the amount of actually produced goods and services in a unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks of goods and services as well as their resale. Intermediate consumption at purchase prices is the value of products and services that are transformed, used or consumed in the production process. Gross value added is the difference between gross production value and intermediate consumption. Gross investments in tangible assets are investments during the reference period in all tangible goods. Included are new and existing tangible capital goods, whether bought from third-person or produced for own use and which have a useful life longer than one year.
3.5. Statistical unit:The units of statistical observation for which the data are produced are enterprises that are classified in sectors B to S, KD 2010 in the Statistical Business Register.
3.6. Statistical population:Reporting units are enterprises.
3.7. Reference area:The data relate to the entire territory of Montenegro.
3.8. Time coverage:Data are available from reference year 2008.
3.9. Base period:Not relevant.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Thousand Eur.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
Calendar year.

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No 18/12 and 47/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office clear and wide legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration; 2. Tax Administration; 3. Ministry of Finance; 4. Central Bank of Montenegro; 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro). International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT; 2. UN organizations; 3. IMF; 4. World Bank.

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. Statistical office has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
According to Article 56 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System, individual data on natural or legal persons shall be confidential and represent official secret. According to Article 57, confidential data will used only for statistical purposes and will be expressed in aggregate form.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No 18/12 and 47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Data on business operations of the enterprises are published annually, at the end of October for the previous year. Data are transmited to Eurostat in accordance with the Data Submission Calendar which is T + 18 months from the end of the reference year.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:Data obtained through Structural survey on business enterprises are published every year in the form of a release:
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Monthly Statistical Review 2. Statistical Yearbook; 3. Montenegro in Numbers; All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:On line data base for the Structural survey on business enterprisesis available on the following link:
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No 18/12 and 47/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Data obtained through Structural survey on business enterprises are published on the web site of Statistical Office of Montenegro in the form of excel tablers in the part "Data":

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
Methodology for Structural survey on business enterprises is available on the web site of Statistical Office of Montenegro:
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - institution; - official statistical result production; - individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: - strong commitment to users and other interested parties; - quality statistical processes and products; - professional orientation of staff members; - constant improvements; - reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:The quality is monitored at all stages of data production, by responsible statisticians, in accordance with the specification for the specific survey. Since the Structural survey on business enterprises is compiled from administrative data sources, data collection and processing are subject to this monitoring.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: 1. Eurostat; 2. World Bank; 3. UN organizations; 4. International Monetary Fund. National users: 1. Ministries and other public administration bodies; 2. Local government and other local government bodies; 3. Central bank; 4. non-governmental organizations; 5. students; 6. researchers; 7. media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:Not available.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Not available.
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not available.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The data are published on the date determined by the Calendar of publishing statistical data - end of October for the previous year.
14.2. Punctuality:Not available.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
The survey methodology is in line with the EU regulations, which enables the comparability across countries.
15.2. Comparability over time:Data by NACE Rev. 2 classification is available from 2011.

15.3. Coherence - cross
Not available.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not available.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website:
17.2. Data revision - practice:Not available.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:The most important administrative data sources are the financial statements of business entities and statistical annex (Tax Administration of Montenegro). Other sources are statistical surveys within Monstat: investment, labor market survey, short-term statistics (research in the field of construction, trade and industry), and available data from the Business Register
18.2. Frequency of data
Data are collected annually.
18.3. Data collection:Structural survey on business enterprises use data from many sources, administrative and available statistical surveys.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top