Category: Economic statistics
Area: Agriculture and fishing
Survey / data collection: Annual survey on cattle number in family agricultural holdings

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Agricultural and Fishery Statistics
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 December 2023
2.3. Metadata last update:30. August 2022

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:Survey aims to provide the data on: number of livestock by types and categories of livestock; slaughter of livestock and poultry; sale of livestock and poultry; and data on the number of beehives, production of wool, eggs, honey, milk and milk products.
3.2. Classification system:NACE Rev. 2
3.3. Sector coverage:Livestock
3.4. Statistical concepts and
The agricultural holding is a unique technical-economic unit with a single administration that produces agricultural products. Livestock fund represents the number of livestock by species and categories. The sale includes the number and weight of sold livestock as well as purpose for which the livestock were sold. Slaughtered includes number and weight (gross or live scales) of slaughtered livestock for farm purposes. Milk production includes the number of dairy cows, sheep, and goats in the observed period and the quantity of milk delivered in liters.
3.5. Statistical unit:Family farms from the list of selected farms, regardless of the occupation of members of their households (farmers or non-farmers), and their place (city or village); Legal entities and units within the legal entities that are in compliance with the National Classification and are allocated according to the main activities in the Agriculture, hunting, and forestry sector. Legal entities and units within the legal entities that are in compliance with the National Classification of Activities are not deployed in the Agriculture, hunting and forestry sector, but perform activities in this sector. Entrepreneurs - natural persons registered for performing economic activities within the agricultural sector.
3.6. Statistical population:Family farms and agricultural enterprises within the agricultural sector.
3.7. Reference area:At the level of municipalities and at the level of the state of Montenegro.
3.8. Time coverage:Not applicable.
3.9. Base period:The base period for creating the index is previous year.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Number (livestock and poultry, slaughtered livestock and poultry, sold livestock and poultry, produced eggs), gross kilograms (total gross weight of livestock and weight before slaughter, sold livestock), kilograms (quantity of honey, quantity of cheese and other products), liters (amount of milk).

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
The reference period for this survey is 01 December of the current year for numerous conditions, while the production period is 01 December the previous year until 30 November of the current year.

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Pursuant to Article 56 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System, individual data on natural or legal persons are confidential and constitute an official secret. According to Article 57, confidential data, individual data can only be used for statistical purposes and expressed in an aggregate form, in accordance with the provisions of this Law. Official statistical producers may not use the information and information collected within the activity of official statistics for the purpose of determining rights and obligations for the reporting unit to which these data and information relate.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
The frequency of dissemination of data is annual.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:The publication containing the data on this survey is a release ''Number of livestock and poultry, production of milk, wool and eggs in Montenegro.
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:Not relevant.
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12, 47/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
The methodology manual can be found on our website at the following link: Also, in the statistical yearbook can find a short methodology on the basis of which the data are produced. The production of data is based on recommendations that are in line with the EU Regulation 1165/2008, which regulates the survey on livestock.
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:One of the criteria for checking quality data is through a comparative analysis between the Statistical Office - Monstat and AFSVPA for a specific period of time. In June, an analysis was made and a discrepancy was noted, after which the explanation was received that for several reasons AFSVPA is of opinion that MONSTAT cannot fully utilize data from the administrative source (Administration), but should use the data obtained through regular surveys. The results of these analyzes indicate good data quality.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, - Local government, and other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, - Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:International and national requirements are met.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:The annual report on livestock farming is conducted on the basis of the sample and data are obtained by the reporting method and are subject to the usual types of error related to the sampling technique, unspecified errors, processing, and non-response errors.
13.2. Sampling error:The annual report on livestock farming is conducted on a sample basis, so it is logical that there is an error in the random sampling. The coefficient of variation is the relative measure of the accuracy of the data evaluation. In addition to this measure, the lower and upper limit of the confidence interval counts.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Non-sampling errors are connected with other errors which are not related to the sample. Non-sampling errors include: error coverage, error measurement, error response, and processing error.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:Time period between the availability of data and publication is 210 days.
14.2. Punctuality:Pursuant to the Annual Plan of Official Statistics and Statistical Data Release Calendar, data from this survey were planned to publicate on 2 July, as a preliminary data, while the final data will be published with the publication of final data for the Survey on the structure of agricultural holdings in Montenegro.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Not relevant.
15.2. Comparability over time:The data are fully comparable.

15.3. Coherence - cross
The Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Statistics, when working on the quality of data and harmonization for this survey, works on the data checking together with administrative source (AFSVPA). Full compliance with the Regulation EC No 1165/2008.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Internally coherent.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website.
17.2. Data revision - practice:Not relevant.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:The data source for this survey is important for the process of conducting agrarian policy within the agriculture sector, for the development of GIP(gross domestic production of meat).
18.2. Frequency of data
Data collection is done once a year.
18.3. Data collection:Data for family agricultural holdings are collected by annual survey by visiting the farm from the list of selected farms and the interviewer submits the completed forms to the Statistical Office. Data for companies are collected in a reporting (postal) method. The production data is filled out by an authorized person and verified by the responsible person of the company with the seal of the company. After that, the completed survey forms for the company are submitted to the Statistical Office.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top