Category: Demographic and social statistics
Area: Population
Survey / data collection: Birth statistics

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Demography and Migration Statistics Department
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 October 2021
2.3. Metadata last update:26 July 2021

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:Statistics of births seeks to produce data on demographic characteristics of the child born alive as well as demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the parents. The data are needed for the analysis of natural increase at the level of Montenegro and municipalities. The data are a basis for the calculation of a series of analytical demographic indicators used in order to develop the analysis of any current or future structure of the population. The data are collected from the municipal birth register kept by Ministry of Interior.
3.2. Classification system:Municipality.
3.3. Sector coverage:Not relevant.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
       definitions:
A live-born child (live birth) is every child who shows signs of life after birth (such as breathing, i.e. beating of the heart) even for a very short period, regardless of mother pregnancy duration.
3.5. Statistical unit:Live-birth persons.
3.6. Statistical population:All live birth persons recoded in the birth register - Ministry of Interior.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro and municipalities.
3.8. Time coverage:From 1974
3.9. Base period:Not relevant.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Live birth persons.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top
year

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
       agreements:
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 047/19) defines provisions for collection, processing and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office signed a Memorandum of Cooperation in the area of statistics on birth and death with the Ministry of the Interior, as the administrative source of data, in 2010.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 047/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
        treatment:
Statistical Office of Montenegro recives birth data from Ministry of Interior (Register of births) in txt document without identificator. Data are published as agregate at the level of municipality as the lowest level. The rules for accessing micro data are defined by the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System of Montenegro, Articles 58 and 59.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 047/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:http://www.monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=12&pageid=12
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
- monthly, preliminary data - anualy, final data - Annual data is submitted to Eurostat

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:Releases are published annually and are available at the folowing links: http://monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=49&pageid=49 http://monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=1293&pageid=47
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link: http://monstat.org/eng/publikacije.php?id=100
10.3. Online database:not available.
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 047/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
          domain:
Methodology about birth statistics is available on link: http://monstat.org/userfiles/file/demografija/rodjeni/Statistika%20rodjenih,%20prevod%20metodologije.pdf
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 and 047/19) defines the commitment to quality which ensures that official statistical producers in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with the international principles of statistical system quality. Development Strategy and Programme of Official Statistics for 2019-2023 define the objectives of development. One of objectives is Quality management of statistical system and official statistics result process. Pursuant to the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Contract on EU Functioning, Regulation 759/2015 and Regulation 223/2009 as well as European Statistical Code of Practice, the following documents are in adoption procedure: 1. Quality Strategy of Statistical Office, 2. Guide for Implementation of Quality Strategy in Statistical Office. 3. Implementation Plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, -Local government, and -Other local government bodies. - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, -Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. Data collection was carried out through a web survey, in the period from 1 September to 20 October, 2017. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link: http://monstat.org/userfiles/file/KVALITET/Izvjestaj%20o%20zadovoljstvu%20korisnika%20eng.pdf
12.3. Completeness:According to Eurostat request mandatory is variable that refers to order of birth of the child. In the next period we will intensify cooperation with Ministry of Interior with aim of production of this variable. Eurostat data are on the volutary and mandatory basis. From 19 mandatory variables, Monstat send 16.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Since the data source is administrative, all registered cases of the born are covered, thus providing a high level of accuracy.
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:Final data are published not later than 98 days after the end of the reference period (T+98). Statistical Release Calendar is available on the folowing link : http://monstat.org/eng/page.php?id=12&pageid=12 For 2020 data are published on 08 April 2021. Data is submitted to Eurostat on 31 december current year for previous year.
14.2. Punctuality:Data are published on the day defined by the Annual Plan and Statistical Releases Calendar.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
          geographical:
Data are collected in accordance with the EU Regulation No 1260/2013, thus a comparability is ensured with all countries who are using the same methodology.
15.2. Comparability over time:from 1974.

15.3. Coherence - cross
          domain:
No exist similar survey for comparing.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not relevant.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the http://monstat.org/userfiles/file/o%20nama/2017/Revision%20policy.pdf
17.2. Data revision - practice:Annual Plan forsees preliminary and final announcement of data. According to this, a regualar revison is applied for this survey. There is no significant and unplanned revision.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:Administrative source data - live birth register.
18.2. Frequency of data
          collection:
monthly (annual service)
18.3. Data collection:administrative source, Live birth register Ministry of Interior.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.

 

                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top
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