Category: Demographic and social statistics
Area: Population
Survey / data collection: Domestic migration

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Demography and Migration
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:14 December 2022
2.3. Metadata last update:20 May 2022

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:The objective of internal migration statistics is to obtain the data needed for the analysis of the mechanical movement of the population. These statistics are used in statistics to calculate the estimated number of population as well as to calculate net migrations showing population change in municipalities in Montenegro. Internal migration data is available by age and gender of migrants, at the level of municipalities and Montenegro.
3.2. Classification system:Municipality
3.3. Sector coverage:Not relevant
3.4. Statistical concepts and
Migration or moving of population is spatial movement of population from previous place of residence to other place. Migrant is a person who changed place of residence within borders of Montenegro. Moved-in person is person who registered place of residence in certain place in Montenegro and her/his previous place of residence was in some other place in Montenegro. Move-out person is a person who cancelled residence from certain place in Montenegro with the intention to register it in some other place in Montenegro. Migration population balance (net migration) is difference between number of immigrated and number of emigrated persons from certain areas or certain countries in some period of time. If number of immigrated is higher than number of emigrated persons we talk about positive migration balance, actually increase of number of population, and if there is more persons who moved out than immigrated, here it is about negative migration balance, i.e. decrease of number of population of given area or state.
3.5. Statistical unit:Person who changes a place of residence in the teritory of Montenegro.
3.6. Statistical population:Migrants - all persons who apply/cancel residence from Register of residence leading by Ministry of Interior.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro and municipalities
3.8. Time coverage:1988
3.9. Base period:Not relevant

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Number of persons who migrate

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 from 30 March 2012, 047/19 from 12 August 2019) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, in 2009, Statistical Office has signed Agreement on cooperation in the field of internal migration statistics with the Ministry of the Interior, as administrative data provider.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT, 2. UN organizations, 3. IMF. 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 from 30 March 2012, 047/19 from 12 August 2019) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Statistical Office of Montenegro receives birth data from Ministry of Interior (Register of births) in txt document without identification. Data are published as aggregate at the level of municipality as lowest level. The rules for accessing micro data are defined by Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System of Montenegro, articles 58 and 59.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 from 30 March 2012, 047/19 from 12 August 2019) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
- Monthly, preliminary data, - Annually, final data.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:The release is published annually and is available on the web site at the following link:
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Monthly Statistical Review; 2. Statistical Yearbook. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. One of the additional publications is Women and Men in Montenegro. All publication published by Statistixal Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:Not available
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12 from 30 March 2012, 047/19 from 12 August 2019) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
The methodology on internal migration statistics is available on the web site:
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:Not relevant

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - UN organizations National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies -Local government, and other local government bodies - Non-governmental organizations - Students -Researchers - Media
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:Not relevant because there no exist mandatory EU regulation.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Having in mind that the data source is administrative, all reported cases of residence change are covered, which provides a high level of accuracy.
13.2. Sampling error:Not relevant
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The final results are published no later than 90 days after the expiration of the reference period (T + 90). The release announcement calendar is available at:
14.2. Punctuality:The data is published on the date that is foreseen by the Annual Plan and the Statistical Release Calendar.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Not relevant
15.2. Comparability over time:2006.

15.3. Coherence - cross
There is no similar survey for the comparison.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not relevant

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website
17.2. Data revision - practice:Annual plan foreseen preliminary and final announcement of data. According to this, regular revision are applied for this survey.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:Administrative source - register of residence
18.2. Frequency of data
mounthly (yearly service)
18.3. Data collection:Administrative source - register of residence, Ministry of Interior
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top