Category: Demographic and social statistics
Area: Household consumption
Survey / data collection: Minimal consumer basket

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Department of Living Conditions and Social Services
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 December 2023
2.3. Metadata last update:17/8/2022

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:The aim of the survey refers to determinate the value of minimal basket for household of four-member, to meet minimum needs including food and non-food products and services, based on the consumption recorded by households in the Household Budget Survey.
3.2. Classification system:Classification of individual consumption by purpose COICOP.
3.3. Sector coverage:Not relevant.
3.4. Statistical concepts and
The minimal consumer basket refers to the household consumption, including food and non-food products, and services which ensure the maintenance of life and working capacity of household members following the minimal recommendations of WHO and USDA Food Guide 2010, requirements of minimal value of caloric intake of 2211 Kcal, per day, per person. The total value of minimal consumer basket for four-member household comprises minimal monthly expenditures on food and non-food products and services. For calculating the value of minimal expenditure for food and nonalcoholic beverages, an average price in current months and monthly quantity in kg for four-member household are used. For calculating the value of non-food products indices of consumer prices (CPI) are used.
3.5. Statistical unit:Households.
3.6. Statistical population:The reference population refers to the second, third and fourth decile of populations. Deciles represent one-tenth of the population, where households are ranked in groups according to the per capita consumption, with each group having the same number of households.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro.
3.8. Time coverage:The data of Minimal consumer basket are available from January 2010. The data from January 2016 to December 2017 are not available as MONSTAT worked on revision of the Methodlogy Minimal consumer basket during this period. As of January 2018, the data are published according to the newly revised Methodology.
3.9. Base period:Not relevant.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
Euro and percentage.

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 018/12, 047/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Revenue and Customs Administration 2. Ministry of Finance 3. Central Bank of Montenegro 4. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance and Social Welfare, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 018/12, 047/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Collected data from the survey represent an official secret, in accordance to Articles 55 and 56 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System of Montenegro ("Official Gazette of Montenegro?, No. 018/12, 047/19).

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 018/12, 047/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top
Data of Minimal consumer basket are published on monthly level, according to Statistical Release Calendar.

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:Data are available in the form of monthly press releases published on the official website, at the following link:
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:On MONSTAT website, the Minimum Consumer Basket section contains data in excel tables, monthly releases and Methodology of Minimal Consumer Basket link:
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 018/12, 047/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Not relevant.

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
Methodology of minimal consumer basket are available on website of MONSTAT on the folowing link:
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:Not available.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, -Local government, and -Other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, - Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:Not available.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:The Minimal consumer basket is based on data from Household Budget Survey, Census, Census and Consumer Price Index (CPI), harmonized with Eurostat recommendations and regulations.
13.2. Sampling error:The survey is not based on a random sample, so we cannot use the "classic" approaches to assess the sampling error.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant.

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The data are published on date defined by the Calendar of publishing Statistical Releases in the form of a regular monthly statement.
14.2. Punctuality:Deadlines of dissemination of data at the website are defined in the Statistical Release Calendar and there are no lags between announcements and publications of release.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Minimal consumer basket is a national survey, there is no internationally comparable methodology. The production of this data is not binding in the process of joining the EU. The only standard that is prescribed for calculating the minimal consumer basket is the minimum amount of calories that must be brought into the body on a daily basis, in order tofunction normally (a standard of 2100-2300 calories, according to FAO and WHO).
15.2. Comparability over time:Minimal consumer basket data are available from January 2010. The data from January 2016 to December 2017 are not available as MONSTAT worked on revision of the Methodlogy Minimal consumer basket during this period. As of January 2018, the data are published according to the newly revised Methodology.

15.3. Coherence - cross
Minimal consumer basket is a national survey, there is no internationally comparable methodology.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Not relevant.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website
17.2. Data revision - practice:In 2016, the Statistical Office of Montenegro launched a pilot project ?Revision of the Methodology of the Minimal Consumer Basket? at the request of the Statistical Council. The assumption of launching a project is that in relation to the minimal consumer basket created in 2009 there were some changes in the habits of consumers by the emergence of newproducts and services, lifestyle change, etc. The Project of revision was implemented incooperation with the Institute of Public Health and the World Bank, which provided expert assistance.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:The main source are data for creating the Methodology and structure of Minimal consumer basket was Household budget survey of 2015. The survey collects data on household income and consumption, data on basic elements of personal consumption, as well as data on some important indicators of living standards (housing conditions, supplies to durable consumer goods, etc.) and basic data on demographic, economic and sociological characteristics of households.
18.2. Frequency of data
18.3. Data collection:Compilation.
18.6. Adjustment:Not relevant.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top