Category: Economic statistics
Area: Tourism
Survey / data collection: Monthly survey on arrivals and over-night stays of tourists

MONSTAT metadata
Reference metadata
  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy and reliability
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and Comparability
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment

Note: For any question on metadata, please contact MONSTAT metadata support.

                                                                                     1. Contact                                                                           Vrh
1.1. Contact organization: Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
1.2. Contact organization unit: Business Statistics, Foreign Affiliates Statistics and Structural Business Statistics Department
1.2. Contact organization unit: IV Proleterske 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

                                                                                      2. Metadata update                                                                       Top
2.1. Metadata last certified:
2.2. Metadata last posted:29 December 2023
2.3. Metadata last update:6 December 2023

                                                                                3. Statistical presentation                                                                  Top
3.1. Data description:Survey on arrivals and overnight stays by tourists- total combines tourism turnover in the collective and in the individual / private accommodation. The goal of survey on tourist arrivals and tourist nights is to provide basic information on the amount of traffic (arrivals and nights) of domestic and foreign tourists. Survey results are used to create a tourism policy and strategy for the development of tourism, as well as to meet the requirements for data of domestic and foreign users.
3.2. Classification system:Rules on types, minimum technical requirements, categorization of catering facilities, Law on Tourism (Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 013/18). Classification of Economic Activities 2010.
3.3. Sector coverage:Collective accommodation: cover all collective establishments that provide accommodation services on the basis of authorization to conduct commercial activities under the Law on tourism and catering no. 013/18. Facilities are classified into three groups according to the Classification of Activities (CA 2010): 55.1 (hotels and similar accommodation); 55.2 (resorts and similar accommodation facilities); 55.3 (activities of camps, car camps and tourist trailer camps). Individual accommodation: includes accommodation facilities that provide accommodation services in households (individual tourist accommodation, so-called "private accommodation").
3.4. Statistical concepts and
Tourism activities of persons traveling and staying in places outside their usual environment, not longer than one year, for leisure, business or other personal reasons, in addition to employment with a business entity based in the visit. Tourist is a person outside their usual mid spends at least one night in a hotel or other accommodation facility, but not more than 12 months without interruption, and the reason for his trip may be vacation, recreation, health, sports, religion, family, business and other reasons. Children are considered tourists and should be covered by this report, regardless of their age. Tourists are not considered persons in visiting staying longer than 12 consecutive months, persons engaged in an activity financed from the place of visits, people who regularly daily or weekly travel to place of work or study, migrants, border workers, diplomatic and consular representatives, refugees, displaced persons, persons in transit who do not formally enter the country, permanent residents who travel to another place with the intention to reside there permanently, people who are temporarily working in Montenegro and receive a salary for their work. A visitor is any person who travels to a place outside their usual environment for a period not longer than 12 months. The term tourist is every visitor that in some place makes at least one overnight stay in a facility provided for their accommodation. Residence is a place where a person came with the intention to live there permanently. Domestic tourist is a person with permanent residence in Montenegro who temporarily resides in any place of their permanent residence and spends at least one night in a hotel or some other accommodation. Foreign tourist is a person with permanent residence outside Montenegro, who temporarily resides in any place in Montenegro, and spends at least one night in a hotel or some other accommodation. The usual environment is an environment in which all of us live, work or perform your regular activities. for example: regular visits to relatives, friends carried out about once every two weeks, going to the village and so on. The term implies the arrivals of tourists who stay one or more nights in an accommodation unit in the reporting period. Include the children regardless of age. The number of arrivals does not correspond to the number of persons traveling. One person can travel several times a year and each time his arrival is registered in the accommodation facility where he stays. Also one person during your trip can visit more places and at all sites where staying during his trip to register his arrival. B represent the number of overnight stays by tourists reach the accommodation facilities. Accommodation facilities are expressed through a number of accommodation facilities, number of rooms and other accommodation and the number of beds that are available to tourists. Beds are permanent and auxiliary. Permanent beds are beds which are available for rent to tourists. Extra beds are beds which are intended for the convenience of guests (sofas, couches, etc.), And spare beds with which accommodation capacity increases during the season.
3.5. Statistical unit:Local units by type of activity LKAU, company, local tourism organizations, administrative sources.
3.6. Statistical population:Companies, legal entities or entrepreneurs who engaged in providing catering services to accommodate tourists in collective and individual (private) tourist accommodation.
3.7. Reference area:Montenegro, municipalities.
3.8. Time coverage:Data on arrivals and overnight stays of tourists according to this methodology are available from 2017.
3.9. Base period:For the base period is taken the period of previous year.

                                                                                      4. Unit of measure                                                                        Top
The number of arrivals and nights of tourists, as well as capacities are expressed in numerical (in thousands). Changes compared to the previous period - percent (%)

                                                                                     5. Reference period                                                                       Top

                                                                                  6. Institutional mandate                                                                    Top
6.1. Legal acts and other
The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12,47/19) defines provisions for collection, processing, and dissemination of data. The Law provides to the Statistical Office legal powers to collect and access the data necessary for the implementation of Programme and Annual Plan. The Law gives a priority to the use of administrative data and right of access to individual data that are a result of survey of other official statistical producers. As an annex to legal provisions, Statistical Office has signed several memoranda on cooperation with administrative data providers.
6.2. Data sharing:Signed agreement on cooperation with the official statistical producers: 1. Customs Administration 2. Tax Administration 3. Ministry of Finance 4. Central Bank of Montenegro 5. Trilateral agreement (MONSTAT, Ministry of Finance, and Central Bank of Montenegro) International institutions: 1. EUROSTAT 2. UN organizations 3. IMF 4. World Bank

                                                                                        7. Confidentiality                                                                          Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy:Articles 53-60 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12,47/19) provide a framework for protection, use, and transmission of confidential data. MONSTAT has produced two comprehensive rulebooks that cover the procedures for individual data protection as well as keeping individual records. With purpose of the meeting legal framework on functioning of security system and statistical confidentiality there was adopted the Rulebook on Keeping Statistical Data by which Manner, Time, Technical Conditions and Organization of Statistical Data Storage to Prevent Their Destroying, Misappropriation, and Unauthorized Use is Regulated as well as the Rulebook on Contents and Manner of Keeping Records on Users of Individual Statistical Data by which contents and manner of keeping records on users of individual statistical data is regular. Pursuant to the Article 59, an access to the confidential data is limited to persons performing duties and tasks of official statistical producer and up to the stage the data are necessary for official statistical production. Persons that performs duties and tasks within official statistical producers must sign the statement on respecting the principle of confidentiality. Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System is aligned with the Regulation No 223/2009 and the Regulation (EU) 2015/759 from 29 April 2015 that also regulate confidentiality provisions. The Government of Montenegro adopted the Statement on Commitment of Confidence in Official Statistics (Commitment of Confidence).
7.2. Confidentiality - data
Individual data are not published. According to Article 56 of the Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System, individual data on natural or legal persons are confidential and constitutes an official secret. According to Article 57, confidential information shall be used only for statistical purposes, only if the reporting units give explicit consent for the use of its data, such information is not considered confidential.

                                                                                        8. Release policy                                                                         Top
8.1. Release calendar:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12,47/19) stipulates that official statistical producers prepare, update, and publish Statistical Release Calendar. It is published on the website of Statistical Office not later than 20 December for the next year, for all official statistical producers that includes date of releasing statistical data. Any change in date of releasing in the Calendar is published in advance in accordance with the Procedure on Unplanned Revisions.
8.2. Release calendar - access:
8.3. User access:General aim of official statistical producer is to meet the needs of users, and to make an access to statistical data to users in an understandable manner, simultaneously and under the same conditions. Statistical Office is obliged to produce and disseminate official statistics in objective, transparent and professional manner, so that all users are equally treated.

                                                                            9. Frequency of dissemination                                                             Top

                                                                                  10. Accessibility and clarity                                                                Top
10.1. News release:Releases are available under following link:
10.2. Publications:Statistical Office publishes the following regular publications: 1. Statistical Yearbook, 2. Montenegro in figures, 3. Monthly statistical review. In addition to the above regular ones, Statistical Office publishes also additionally publications. Some of the most important additional publications are as it follows: 1. Women and Men in Montenegro, 2. The most often used statistical data All publication published by Statistical Office are available at the following link:
10.3. Online database:The data are available on the website:
10.4. Micro-data access:The Law on Official Statistics and Official Statistical System (Official Gazette of Montenegro No 18/12,47/19) regulates rules under which external users can obtain an access to individual data for needs of research. Article 58 defines types of scientific and research organizations that can obtain such data. Providing individual data without identifier is possible only upon a written request of scientific and research institutions, with purpose of performing scientific and research activities as well as international statistical organizations and statistical producers from other countries. Research entity signs the agreement with Statistical Office, and it signs the statement on respecting the confidentiality principle. Official statistical producers keeps a separate records on users and purpose of using the statistical data given to these users.
10.5. Other:Data are available in Excel files:

10.6. Documentation on methodology:
The methodology is available on the website:
10.7. Quality documentation:The Law on Official Statistics and the Official Statistical System ("Official Gazette of Montenegro" No. 18/12 and 47/19) defines the commitment to quality, which ensures that producers of official statistics in Montenegro work and cooperate in accordance with international principles of quality of the statistical system. In accordance with the ESS Quality Declaration, Article 338 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, Regulations 759/2015 and 223/2009 and the European Statistics Code of Practice, the following documents are adopted: 1. Quality Strategy of the Statistical Office 2. Guide for the implementation of the Quality Strategy in the Statistical Office; 3. Implementation plan

                                                                                  11. Quality management                                                                 Top
11.1. Quality assurance:Statistical Office has chosen the implementation of elements of TQM (Total Quality Management) model that foster development and improvement of functioning of: - Institution, - Official statistical result production, and - Individual. Within middle-term deadline, Statistical Office has chosen the TQM implementation through the following objectives: 1. Strong commitment to users and other interested parties, 2. Quality statistical processes and products, 3. Professional orientation of staff members, 4. Constant improvements, 5. Reduction of overburden of reporting units.
11.2. Quality assesment:Quality is monitored at all stages of data production, by accountable statisticians, according to specification for specific research. Collecting, entering, and processing data are commonly the subject of this monitoring. The quality of data is ensured by the application of concepts, definitions that are harmonized with the EU Regulation No 692/2011 and Regulation No 1051/2011 as well as Eurostat methodological guidelines from tourism statistics.

                                                                                        12. Relevance                                                                              Top
12.1. User needs:International users: - Eurostat, - World Bank, - UN organizations, - International Monetary Fund National users: - Ministries and other public administration bodies, -Local government, and -Other local government bodies. - Central bank, - Non-governmental organizations, - Students, -Researchers, - Media.
12.2. User satisfaction:The Statistical Office has adopted the Quality Management Strategy, the Guidebook to the Implementation of the Quality Management Strategy, as well as the Plan for the Implementation of the Quality Policy. In order to measure the degree to which fulfills obligations towards users and within the new quality policy, the Statistical Office conducted User satisfaction survey. The results of the survey are available on the Statistical Office website, link:
12.3. Completeness:Survey is carried out on the full scope including all collective and individual (private) accommodation establishments. The available data is on the number of tourists arrivals and overnight stays by municipalities, type of tourist resort, the country of residence of tourists, and the type of accommodation facilities.

                                                                                  13. Accuracy and reliability                                                              Top
13.1. Overall accuracy:Survey on tourist arrivals and nights is done on a full scale, and the data is obtained by a reporting method and are subject to common types of errors related to processing and non-response errors.
13.2. Sampling error:The survey is conducted on a full coverage so there is no error in sampling.
13.3. Non-sampling error:Not relevant

                                                                              14. Timeliness and punctuality                                                          Top
14.1. Timeliness:The first results are published 58 days after the end of the reference year. Data collection is done monthly.
14.2. Punctuality:The Accuracy Indicator represents the time difference between actual data disclosure and planned data disclosure. P3 = dact-dsch For arrivals and nights, accuracy = 0, which means that the data is published in accordance with the Release Calendar.

                                                                                      15. Coherence and Comparability                                                                          Top
15.1. Comparability -
Survey methodology is in line with European regulations that apply all EU countries, and are therefore geographical data comparable with data of other EU countries.
15.2. Comparability over time:Data from this methodology are available from 2017. Due to the changes in methodology in the process of data collection and processing (inclusion of newly established data sources and development of data records - administrative bases / registers of other institutions), data of individual accommodation by municipalities and on monthly basis for 2017 and 2018 are not fully comparable with the same data from previous years.

15.3. Coherence - cross
In certain cases, data from other areas of economic statistics may be used for cross-checking data: retail trade, traffic. National Tourism Organization, Police Administration and other available data from administrative sources are also used.
15.4. Coherence - internal:Data is internally coherent.

                                                                                        17. Data revision                                                                          Top
17.1. Data revision - policy:Statistical Office has adopted the revision policy and it is available on the website:
17.2. Data revision - practice:The published data is considered as preliminary until the next release comes out when the preliminary data becomes final.

                                                                                 18. Statistical processing                                                                 Top
18.1. Source data:Collective accommodation: data source is the guestbook which are obliged to keep all entities engaged in the provision of accommodation for tourists. Individual accommodation: administrative databases (Local Tourism Organizations, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, National Tourism Organization, Secretariats of Municipalities) and statistical sources and records.
18.2. Frequency of data
18.3. Data collection:Reporting Method, Compilation and Estimation.
18.6. Adjustment:Nije relevantno.


                                                                                           19. Comment                                                                             Top